My name is John Jones and I’m currently a student at the University of Oklahoma. For Janet Ward’s 1945 class, my project is targeted in researching the impact that war has had on the environment. The negative impact that bombings and war have had on the environment have effected much more than what we realize. Not only physical living conditions, but the effects it has had on childbirths, population density, family and culture are the bigger things that this war has had an impact on.
Excerpt from Essay:
Aerial and naval bombardment play a huge role in understanding how significant the impact war had on the environment. When discussing this issue, I highlight Tokyo and Dresden specifically, as well as Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In March of 1945, Tokyo was severely affected by aerial bombardment, resulting in 100,000-200,000 deaths. In Dresden, 500,000-800,0000 are estimated to have faced the wrath of this issue. Roughly 200,000 people became a victim to the acute effects of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Leaning, par. 7). How did this effect the families and living situations of those who didn’t die but were severely injured and forced and suffered to live through this living hell? The repercussions on the environment included the destruction of forests, farms, transport systems and irrigation networks. By the end of WWII there were almost 50 million refugees and displaced people; a number that nobody should ever have to look at as factual truth. In Japan, 66 cities were damaged and about 9 million people were left homeless. The evidence continues for literal miles as to how severely this impacted these countries, cultures, and families. As for the aftermath of the aftermath, a study was done in 1999 showing that about 35 million people were counted as refugees or internally displaced people due to the result of war or internal conflict. When it comes to Japanese and their families in the first 2 post-war years, because of vast food shortages and the failure of the 1945 rice harvest, hunger and malnutrition afflicted the majority of the population and thousands died from causes related to starvation (Leaning, par. 10). How can we look passed these results? No longer can we. It is without a doubt true and sadly true that war has impacted the environment in severe ways. Not only this, but due to the effect on the environment, countries, cultures, and families have deteriorated since this has taken place.